ESG Performance Metrics Every Investor Should Know


Investors today are increasingly looking to invest in companies that align with their values and prioritize factors like sustainability, diversity, equity, and inclusion. For this reason, Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) metrics have become increasingly popular and essential in evaluating a company’s sustainability and social impact. provides reliable data on ESG performance metrics of publicly traded companies across the globe so that investors have access to accurate information when making investment decisions. This blog post will delve into the ESG performance metrics every investor should know.

Carbon Footprint:

One of the most critical ESG performance metrics for measuring a company’s environmental impact is its carbon footprint. A company’s carbon footprint measures the amount of greenhouse gas emissions it generates due to its operations and energy consumption.

Investors should look at the absolute emissions a company produces and consider the company’s intensity-based metrics like emissions per unit of revenue or product. This metric is essential to consider as companies that produce more greenhouse gas emissions may face risks from regulatory changes.

Diversity and Inclusion:

Diversity and inclusion metrics are critical to evaluating a company’s social impact. By measuring metrics such as gender and racial diversity of employees, diversity of the board and leadership team, pay equity, and employee satisfaction scores, investors can assess the company’s commitment to promoting diversity, equity, and inclusion. Companies with diverse, inclusive workforces and leadership teams are likelier to innovate and outperform competitors over the long term.

Employee Engagement:

Employee engagement is a key ESG performance metric for evaluating a company’s social impact. This metric measures the degree to which employees are committed and motivated to work for the organization and their willingness to go above and beyond in their job duties. Investors should look for companies with policies and programs to promote employee engagement, such as performance recognition initiatives, career development opportunities, and wellness programs. Companies with high employee engagement scores tend to have more motivated and productive employees, which can lead to higher profits in the long run.

Labor Practices:

Investors should also pay attention to a company’s labor practices, as unethical labor practices can harm the company’s reputation and long-term success. Investors should look for metrics such as employee turnover, training, safety, health, and human rights records. Furthermore, companies with robust labor practices will likely benefit from better productivity, employee satisfaction, and reduced costs associated with turnover and absenteeism.

Product Safety:

Investors can also focus on product safety, a critical ESG performance metric. Companies that prioritize the safety of their products can avoid legal liability, reputational damage and ensure customer loyalty. Metrics such as product recall incidents, safety-specific regulatory fines or citations, and the company’s internal auditing program for product safety and quality can help gauge a company’s focus on product safety.

For instance, an investor in a food company can look at the rate of recalls due to safety issues to ensure that the company prioritizes safety.

Supply Chain Management:

A company’s environmental and social impact extends beyond its doors and into its supply chain. Supply chain metrics that measure the sustainability practices of a company’s suppliers and vendors are critical to assessing a company’s environmental and social impact.

Metrics such as supply chain audits, tracking environmental and social performance, partnerships with sustainability-focused suppliers, and corporate policies on supply chain labor and human rights are crucial indicators of a company’s supply chain sustainability.

Corporate Governance:

Investors should consider corporate governance metrics such as board composition and independence, executive compensation models, shareholder voting rights, and anti-corruption policies. Companies with strong corporate governance structures tend to manage better risks associated with operations, financial performance, and compliance issues. Furthermore, companies that prioritize best-in-class corporate governance systems can drive long-term growth and outperform their peers.


ESG performance metrics are critical to investors aligning their investments with their values. Measuring and analyzing these metrics will help investors identify companies that prioritize sustainability, diversity, equity, and inclusion while avoiding companies that pose risks from environmental or political issues. With increasing transparency on ESG factors, investors can make informed decisions that align with their priorities and values, ensuring they achieve their financial objectives without sacrificing social or ethical goals. Don’t forget to visit!


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Founded in 1994 by the late Pamela Hulse Andrews, Cascade Business News (CBN) became Central Oregon’s premier business publication. •

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